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Reviewing Guide

This document covers who may review pull requests for this project, and guides how to perform code reviews that meet our community standards and code of conduct. All reviewers must read this document and agree to follow the project review guidelines. Reviewers who do not follow these guidelines may have their privileges revoked.

The Reviewer Role

Only maintainers are REQUIRED to review pull requests. Other contributors may opt to review pull requests, but any LGTM from a non-maintainer won't count towards the required number of Approved Reviews in the Mergify policy.


All reviewers must abide by the Code of Conduct and are also protected by it. A reviewer should not tolerate poor behavior and is encouraged to report any behavior that violates the Code of Conduct. All of our values listed above are distilled from our Code of Conduct.

Below are concrete examples of how it applies to code review specifically:


Be welcoming and inclusive. You should proactively ensure that the author is successful. While any particular pull request may not ultimately be merged, overall we want people to have a great experience and be willing to contribute again. Answer the questions they didn't know to ask or offer concrete help when they appear stuck.


Avoid burnout by enforcing healthy boundaries. Here are some examples of how a reviewer is encouraged to act to take care of themselves:

  • Authors should meet baseline expectations when submitting a pull request, such as writing tests.
  • If your availability changes, you can step down from a pull request and have someone else assigned.
  • If interactions with an author are not following the code of conduct, close the PR and raise it with your Code of Conduct committee or point of contact. It's not your job to coax people into behaving.


Be trustworthy. During a review, your actions both build and help maintain the trust that the community has placed in this project. Below are examples of ways that we build trust:

  • Transparency - If a pull request won't be merged, clearly say why and close it. If a pull request won't be reviewed for a while, let the author know so they can set expectations and understand why it's blocked.
  • Integrity - Put the project's best interests ahead of personal relationships or company affiliations when deciding if a change should be merged.
  • Stability - Only merge when the change won't negatively impact project stability. It can be tempting to merge a pull request that doesn't meet our quality standards, for example when the review has been delayed, or because we are trying to deliver new features quickly, but regressions can significantly hurt trust in our project.


  • Reviewers are automatically assigned based on the CODEOWNERS file.
  • Reviewers should wait for automated checks to pass before reviewing
  • At least 1 approved review is required from a maintainer before a pull request can be merged
  • All CI checks must pass
  • If a PR is stuck for some reason it is down to the reviewer to determine the best course of action:
  • PRs may be closed if they are no longer relevant
  • A maintainer may choose to carry a PR forward on their own, but they should ALWAYS include the original author's commits
  • A maintainer may choose to open additional PRs to help lay a foundation on which the stuck PR can be unstuck. They may either rebase the stuck PR themselves or leave this to the author
  • Maintainers should not merge their pull requests without a review
  • Maintainers should let the Mergify bot merge PRs and not merge PRs directly
  • In times of need, i.e. to fix pressing security issues, the Maintainers may, at their discretion, merge PRs without review. They should at least add a comment to the PR explaining why they did so.


Below are a set of common questions that apply to all pull requests:

  • [ ] Is this PR targeting the correct branch?
  • [ ] Does the commit message provide an adequate description of the change?
  • [ ] Does the affected code have corresponding tests?
  • [ ] Are the changes documented, not just with inline documentation, but also with conceptual documentation such as an overview of a new feature, or task-based documentation like a tutorial? Consider if this change should be announced on your project blog.
  • [ ] Does this introduce breaking changes that would require an announcement or bumping of the major version?
  • [ ] Does this PR introduce any new dependencies?

Reading List

Reviewers are encouraged to read the following articles for help with common reviewer tasks: