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Setup and Building bpfman

This section describes how to build bpfman. If this is the first time building bpfman, jump to the Development Environment Setup section for help installing the tooling.

There is also an option to run images from a given release, or from an RPM, as opposed to building locally. Jump to the Run bpfman From Release Image section for installing from a fixed release or jump to the Run bpfman From RPM section for installing from an RPM.

Kernel Versions

eBPF is still a relatively new technology and being actively developed. To take advantage of this constantly evolving technology, it is best to use the newest kernel version possible. If bpfman needs to be run on an older kernel, this section describes some of the kernel features bpfman relies on to work and which kernel the feature was first introduced.

Major kernel features leveraged by bpfman:

  • Program Extensions: Program Extensions allows bpfman to load multiple XDP or TC eBPF programs on an interface, which is not natively supported in the kernel. A dispatcher program is loaded as the one program on a given interface, and the user's XDP or TC programs are loaded as extensions to the dispatcher program. Introduced in Kernel 5.6.
  • Pinning: Pinning allows the eBPF program to remain loaded when the loading process (bpfman) is stopped or restarted. Introduced in Kernel 4.11.
  • BPF Perf Link: Support BPF perf link for tracing programs (Tracepoint, Uprobe and Kprobe) which enables pinning for these program types. Introduced in Kernel 5.15.

Tested kernel versions:

  • Fedora 34: Kernel 5.17.6-100.fc34.x86_64
    • XDP, TC, Tracepoint, Uprobe and Kprobe programs all loaded with bpfman running on localhost and running as systemd service.
  • Fedora 33: Kernel 5.14.18-100.fc33.x86_64
    • XDP and TC programs loaded with bpfman running on localhost and running as systemd service once SELinux was disabled (see https://github.com/fedora-selinux/selinux-policy/pull/806).
    • Tracepoint, Uprobe and Kprobe programs failed to load because they require the BPF Perf Link support.
  • Fedora 32: Kernel 5.11.22-100.fc32.x86_64
    • XDP and TC programs loaded with bpfman running on localhost once SELinux was disabled (see https://github.com/fedora-selinux/selinux-policy/pull/806).
    • bpfman fails to run as a systemd service because of some capabilities issues in the bpfman.service file.
    • Tracepoint, Uprobe and Kprobe programs failed to load because they require the BPF Perf Link support.
  • Fedora 31: Kernel 5.8.18-100.fc31.x86_64
    • bpfman was able to start on localhost, but XDP and TC programs wouldn't load because BPF_LINK_CREATE call was updated in newer kernels.
    • bpfman fails to run as a systemd service because of some capabilities issues in the bpfman.service file.

Clone the bpfman Repo

You can build and run bpfman from anywhere. However, if you plan to make changes to the bpfman operator, it will need to be under your GOPATH because Kubernetes Code-generator does not work outside of GOPATH issue 86753. Assuming your GOPATH is set to the typical $HOME/go, your repo should live in $HOME/go/src/github.com/bpfman/bpfman

mkdir -p $HOME/go/src/github.com/bpfman
cd $HOME/go/src/github.com/bpfman
git clone [email protected]:bpfman/bpfman.git

Building bpfman

To just test with the latest bpfman, containerized image are stored in quay.io/bpfman (see bpfman Container Images). To build with local changes, use the following commands.

If you are building bpfman for the first time OR the eBPF code has changed:

cargo xtask build-ebpf --libbpf-dir /path/to/libbpf

If protobuf files have changed:

cargo xtask build-proto

To build bpfman:

cargo build

Building CLI TAB completion files

Optionally, to build the CLI TAB completion files, run the following command:

cargo xtask build-completion

Files are generated for different shells:

ls .output/completions/
_bpfman  bpfman.bash  bpfman.elv  bpfman.fish  _bpfman.ps1

bash

For bash, this generates a file that can be used by the linux bash-completion utility (see Install bash-completion for installation instructions).

If the files are generated, they are installed automatically when running bpfman as a systemd service and using the sudo ./scripts/setup.sh install install script (see Systemd Service). To install the files manually, copy the file associated with a given shell to /usr/share/bash-completion/completions/. For example:

sudo cp .output/completions/bpfman.bash /usr/share/bash-completion/completions/.

bpfman g<TAB>

Other shells

Files are generated other shells (Elvish, Fish, PowerShell and zsh). For these shells, generated file must be manually installed.

Building CLI Manpages

Optionally, to build the CLI Manpage files, run the following command:

cargo xtask build-man-page

If the files are generated, they are installed automatically when running bpfman as a systemd service and using the sudo ./scripts/setup.sh install install script (see Systemd Service). To install the files manually, copy the generated files to /usr/local/share/man/man1/. For example:

sudo cp .output/manpage/bpfman*.1 /usr/local/share/man/man1/.

Once installed, use man to view the pages.

man bpfman list

NOTE: bpfman commands with subcommands (specifically bpfman load) have - in the manpage subcommand generation. So use bpfman load-file, bpfman load-image, bpfman load-image-xdp, etc. to display the subcommand manpage files.

Development Environment Setup

To build bpfman, the following packages must be installed.

Install Rust Toolchain

For further detailed instructions, see Rust Stable & Rust Nightly.

curl --proto '=https' --tlsv1.2 -sSf https://sh.rustup.rs | sh
source "$HOME/.cargo/env"
rustup toolchain install nightly -c rustfmt,clippy,rust-src

Install LLVM

LLVM 11 or later must be installed. Linux package managers should provide a recent enough release.

dnf based OS:

sudo dnf install llvm-devel clang-devel elfutils-libelf-devel

apt based OS:

sudo apt install clang lldb lld libelf-dev gcc-multilib

Install Protobuf Compiler

For further detailed instructions, see protoc.

dnf based OS:

sudo dnf install protobuf-compiler

apt based OS:

sudo apt install protobuf-compiler

Install GO protobuf Compiler Extensions

See Quick Start Guide for gRPC in Go for installation instructions.

Local libbpf

Checkout a local copy of libbpf.

git clone https://github.com/libbpf/libbpf --branch v0.8.0

Install perl

Install perl:

dnf based OS:

sudo dnf install perl

apt based OS:

sudo apt install perl

Install docker

To build the bpfman-agent and bpfman-operator using the provided Makefile and the make build-images command, docker needs to be installed. There are several existing guides:

Install Kind

Optionally, to test bpfman running in Kubernetes, the easiest method and the one documented throughout the bpfman documentation is to run a Kubernetes Kind cluster. See kind for documentation and installation instructions. kind also requires docker to be installed.

NOTE: By default, bpfman-operator deploys bpfman with CSI enabled. CSI requires Kubernetes v1.26 due to a PR (kubernetes/kubernetes#112597) that addresses a gRPC Protocol Error that was seen in the CSI client code and it doesn't appear to have been backported. It is recommended to install kind v0.20.0 or later.

If the following error is seen, it means there is an older version of Kubernetes running and it needs to be upgraded.

kubectl get pods -A
NAMESPACE   NAME                               READY   STATUS             RESTARTS      AGE
bpfman      bpfman-daemon-2hnhx                2/3     CrashLoopBackOff   4 (38s ago)   2m20s
bpfman      bpfman-operator-6b6cf97857-jbvv4   2/2     Running            0             2m22s
:

kubectl logs -n bpfman bpfman-daemon-2hnhx -c node-driver-registrar
:
E0202 15:33:12.342704       1 main.go:101] Received NotifyRegistrationStatus call: &RegistrationStatus{PluginRegistered:false,Error:RegisterPlugin error -- plugin registration failed with err: rpc error: code = Internal desc = stream terminated by RST_STREAM with error code: PROTOCOL_ERROR,}
E0202 15:33:12.342723       1 main.go:103] Registration process failed with error: RegisterPlugin error -- plugin registration failed with err: rpc error: code = Internal desc = stream terminated by RST_STREAM with error code: PROTOCOL_ERROR, restarting registration container.

Install bash-completion

bpfman uses the Rust crate clap for the CLI implementation. clap has an optional Rust crate clap_complete. For bash shell, it leverages bash-completion for CLI Command completion. So in order for CLI completion to work in a bash shell, bash-completion must be installed. This feature is optional.

For the CLI completion to work after installation, /etc/profile.d/bash_completion.sh must be sourced in the running sessions. New login sessions should pick it up automatically.

dnf based OS:

sudo dnf install bash-completion
source /etc/profile.d/bash_completion.sh

apt based OS:

sudo apt install bash-completion
source /etc/profile.d/bash_completion.sh

Install Yaml Formatter

As part of CI, the Yaml files are validated with a Yaml formatter. Optionally, to verify locally, install the YAML Language Support by Red Hat VsCode Extension, or to format in bulk, install prettier.

To install prettier:

npm install -g prettier

Then to flag which files are violating the formatting guide, run:

prettier -l "*.yaml"

And to write changes in place, run:

 prettier -f "*.yaml"

Install toml Formatter

As part of CI, the toml files are validated with a toml formatter. Optionally, to verify locally, install taplo.

cargo install taplo-cli

And to verify locally:

taplo fmt --check